Reading Guide for "Technology has a Message" with Answers

  1. Complete this sentence: "This notion fails to recognize that technology itself _embeds a message_.

  2. Because technology is a response to God, we have both _freedom_____ and __responsibility_______.

  3. Andy Crouch suggests two questions to ask about culture/technology. They are:

    1. __What does it make possible?_______________________________________

    2. __What does it make impossible or more difficult?________________________

  4. Fill in the blanks: "In other words, __technology____ is value-laden, and these values make some things

    possible, while at the same time __making others more difficult___.

  5. What does "value-laden" means? _Value-laden means that some values of the creators are embedded in the technology itself. 

    These values might be the importance (or unimportance) of efficiency, beauty, society, robustness, e.g.

  6. Schuurman writes, "Furthermore, we are gradually shaped as certain ways of thinking and knowing are

    amplified and others are muted."  What ways of thinking are amplified or muted by Microsoft Word?  (Perhaps

    compare the use of it to writing on paper or using a typewriter.)   __Because word processors allow the user to

    correct mistakes quickly, the user does not have to have all her thoughts in a completed form before beginning

    her writing.  This is an advantage, as it allows the user to brainstorm and form ideas as she is writing.  It is

    a disadvantage as it does not force the user to develop her ideas first and then write them later.  This may lead

    to poorly developed ideas.

  7. Is adoption of technology unstoppable?  What would change if you gave up your cell phone or closed

    your Facebook account? ______For some people, they would be viewed as backward or unsociable if they

    did not have a facebook account or didn't have a cell phone on which to text "constantly".

  8. What has the web made more difficult, according to Nicolas Carr? _ deep thinking _____


  9. According to a 2009 research study, screen-based technology improves "visual-spatial skills," while at the

    same time it weakens __"deep processing"_______ and "mindful knowledge acquisition,

    inductive analysis, _____critical thinking____________, __imagination___, and __reflection__.